Cosmetology Classes: Learning to be an Esthetician

Esthetician classes at cosmetology schools range between basic studies and advanced program-based courses that are part of a certificate program. With a degree or certification, students can become licensed in their state (or multiple states) to practice as an esthetician at a spa, clinic, resort, medical facility, and other facilities.

An esthetician is a person that specializes in skin care. They primarily perform services for clients in a spa setting and are required to complete a minimum number of hours training for the role in a regulated cosmetology school or esthetician’s school. The job of an esthetician is to take care of and beautify the client’s skin through a number of techniques. Estheticians in a cosmetology school are trained to use chemicals, machines, and massage techniques to change the texture, appearance, and feel of the client’s skin.

In classes at a qualified school, estheticians are trained on several modes of skin care. They learn to remove unwanted hair, such as upper-lip hair, stray eyebrow hairs, and neck and chin hairs. For this purpose, they are trained in wax and threading techniques that are generally considered safe for all types of skin and health conditions with few exceptions. They also learn to perform massage on the face and other parts of the visible skin to increase blood flow and bring color to the skin, stimulating cell turnover and improving the skin’s complexion.

Estheticians also go to cosmetology school to learn how to color eyelashes and eyebrows safely, as well as how to shape and form eyebrows and implement eyebrow extensions. They perform various skin care techniques, including masks, cleansers, and non-medical facial applications. Skin care tasks routinely taught in classes also includes body wraps, cosmetics application, and permanent cosmetics.

Estheticians are taught how to use modern machines that change the appearance and texture of the skin on the face. These techniques are non-surgical varieties of the popular face lift and change the muscle tone in the structures just beneath the skin’s surface.

In a salon setting, estheticians typically perform waxing and other hair removal techniques, as well as cosmetics application. They may also manage the salon’s tanning areas and work with permanent hair colors applied to the eyebrows. In some types of salons, estheticians are permitted to implement permanent cosmetics. Estheticians that work on face lifts, with skin care products, and other skin care regimens typically work in a health practice and perform their duties under the supervision of a dermatologist.

To become a certified esthetician in most states, students must spend between 200 and 1500 hours studying the specific skills required in the career at an accredited cosmetology school or health-care education facility. They must also pass a certification exam (written) and demonstrate their ability to apply their skills in a practical setting through a clinical exam (hands-on).